Moving averages are possibly one of the most popular technical indicators used by forex traders. moving averages provide traders with a quick and easy way to identify market trends on charts. Most trading strategies will use some form of trend analysis to ensure that they either stay on the correct side of the trend or avoid trading in a range bound market, unless of course using a range trading strategy. In addition to the popular simple and exponential moving averages, there is an additional moving average developed by Alan Hull that is aptly named as the Hull Moving Average (HMA). No prizes for guessing why!
What is the Hull Moving Average Indicator?
The Hull Moving Average (HMA) is a moving average that puts more emphasis on the youngest candles. It brings into consideration the weighted moving average (WMA). On top of this, it loads up the weight of the latest candles, making the moving average of the current price more reactive to price changes. The result is a moving average that can turn direction much faster in anticipation of developing trends. The HMA aims to eliminates lag as much as possible whilst improving smoothing at the same time.
Hull Moving Average calculation
1. Calculate a Weighted Moving Average with period n / 2 and multiply it by 2
2. Calculate a Weighted Moving Average for period n and subtract if from step 1
3. Calculate a Weighted Moving Average with period sqrt(n) using the data from step 2
HMA= WMA(2*WMA(n/2) − WMA(n)),sqrt(n))
How to use the HMA Trend Indicator?
The Hull Moving Average with a longer period helps traders to identify the longer term trend. If the Hull Moving Average is rising, it indicates a prevalent uptrend and possible long opportunities can be explored. Similarly, if the Hull Moving Average is falling, it shows that the prevalent trend is down or falling. In such a scenario, short opportunities may be preferable.
A relatively shorter period Hull Moving Average can be used to find the trade entry points when the market is turning. When the Hull Moving Average turns green, it signals the potential start of a bullish trend whereas the Hull Moving Average turning red, can signal the start of a bearish trend.
However, just as with all technical indicators, there are drawbacks of using the Hull Moving Average. As the price may stay in a tight range, there would be many false signals. I would be using multiple market analysis to confirm all possible trading opportunities and only take those that present the most high probability with a favourable risk to reward ratio. I would not want 1 losing trader to wipe out consecutive winners.
Furthermore, I would prefer to trade using the HMA indicator on the 1-hour charts and above. I tend to find that these charts contain less market noise than the lower time frames and thus give more reliable signals for my forex trading strategies. This also means that I spend less time staring at charts and can also set alert notifications to let me know when price has reached certain levels or a particular indicator value has been reached.
Hull Moving Average trading strategy
This strategy revolves around the Hull Moving Average (HMA), where we will use the change in the direction of the HMA as our entry signal. You can even set alerts on most HMA indicators so that you do not need to constantly chart watch waiting for a signal to appear.
As the HMA turns green, it indicates that the HMA is turning up, we will be buying the pair. If the HMA turns red, which is a downturn, we will be selling the pair.
On this entry signal, we’re also going to use one of the ways of adding the usual moving averages. We use the 200 Exponential Moving Average (EMA) to filter the trend direction on the long-term trend. We will only take buy signals when the price is above 200 EMA, and only sell signals when the price is below 200 EMA.
Currency pair: Any – I prefer major currency pairs as I find that they tend to have the most liquidity with tight spreads, especially when using an ECN forex broker.
Time frame: 5-minute chart and above
Hull Moving Average buy trade setup
- Price should be over the 200 EMA
- Enter the buy trade as the HMA glows green
- Set the stop loss on the small swing slightly below the candle entry
- Set the take profit target to 2x the risk on the stop loss
Hull Moving Average sell trade setup
- Price is below the 200 EMA
- Enter a sell trade when the HMA turns red
- Set the stop loss on the small swing high above the candle entry
- Set the take profit target to 2x the risk on the stop loss
As you can see from these Hull Moving Average trading strategy examples, the indicator when used alone can give many false and delayed trading signals. Whilst we have added an EMA as a very basic filter, I would personally be taking a closer look at support and resistance levels along with an overbought/oversold technical indicator such as the Stochastic Oscillator.
HMA Indicator conclusion
The key benefit of implementing the Hull Moving Average into a trading strategy is that the HMA appears to be less lagging than the usual moving averages we have become so accustomed to using. Whilst this can enable us to spot emerging trends early and for confirming established trends, I would only use the Hull Moving Average indicator as a very basic filter, not as an entry signal.
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