Pivot Point Types

Pivot Point Types
Pivot Point Types

What are Pivot Points?

Pivot Point is a fundamental concept in the world of forex trading, serving as a crucial tool for traders to analyze and predict market movements. This concept is built upon the idea that specific price levels from the previous trading session can act as significant reference points for the current trading day. Traders use Pivot Points to identify potential support and resistance levels, helping them make informed decisions about entry and exit points for their currency trades. Understanding Pivot Points is essential for any forex trader trying to seek to navigate the dynamic and ever-changing foreign exchange market successfully.


There are several methods to calculate Pivot Points, but the most commonly used one is the “Classic” or “Standard” method.

The Standard Pivot Points formula is as follows:

  • Pivot Point (PP) = (High + Low + Close) / 3
  • Support 1 (S1) = (2 * PP) – High
  • Support 2 (S2) = PP – (High – Low)
  • Support 3 (S3) = Low – 2 * (High – PP)
  • Resistance 1 (R1) = (2 * PP) – Low
  • Resistance 2 (R2) = PP + (High – Low)
  • Resistance 3 (R3) = High + 2 * (PP – Low)


  • Pivot Point (PP) is considered the primary level, representing the potential intraday equilibrium point.
  • Support levels (S1, S2, S3) are viewed as potential price levels where the market may find buying interest.
  • Resistance levels (R1, R2, R3) are potential areas where selling pressure might emerge.
  • Traders use these levels to identify entry and exit points, set target levels, and determine potential traget levels.

Market Sentiment

  • The relationship between the current price and Pivot Points can reveal market sentiment.
  • When the price is above the Pivot Point, it suggests a bullish bias, with traders looking for buying opportunities.
  • Conversely, when the price is below the Pivot Point, it indicates a bearish bias, and traders seek selling opportunities.

Intraday Trading

  • Pivot Points are particularly useful for intraday traders looking to capitalize on short-term price movements.
  • Intraday traders often use the previous day’s Pivot Points to plan their trades for the current day.

Pivot Point Variations

  • Some traders prefer to use different Pivot Point methods, such as Fibonacci Pivot Points or Camarilla Pivot Points, depending on their trading strategies and preferences.
  • These variations may provide additional support and resistance levels.


  • Pivot Points are based solely on historical price data and do not take into account external factors like news events, economic data releases, or geopolitical events.
  • In fast-moving markets, Pivot Points may not always hold as reliable support or resistance levels.


  • Traders can adjust the time frame of Pivot Points (e.g., weekly, monthly) to suit their trading horizon.
  • Customization allows traders to adapt Pivot Points to different trading styles and market conditions.

Pivot Point Types

Classic Pivot Points

Formula: Classic Pivot Points are calculated using the previous day’s high, low, and closing prices.

  • Pivot Point (PP) = (High + Low + Close) / 3
  • Support 1 (S1) = (2 * PP) – High
  • Support 2 (S2) = PP – (High – Low)
  • Support 3 (S3) = Low – 2 * (High – PP)
  • Resistance 1 (R1) = (2 * PP) – Low
  • Resistance 2 (R2) = PP + (High – Low)
  • Resistance 3 (R3) = High + 2 * (PP – Low)

Usage: Classic Pivot Points are widely used for intraday trading. They provide traders with clear support and resistance levels based on the previous day’s price action.

Fibonacci Pivot Points

Fibonacci Pivot Points - Overview
Fibonacci Pivot Points – Overview

Formula: Fibonacci Pivot Points incorporate Fibonacci retracement levels into the calculation.

  • Pivot Point (PP) = (High + Low + Close) / 3
  • Support 1 (S1) = PP – 0.382 * (High – Low)
  • Support 2 (S2) = PP – 0.618 * (High – Low)
  • Support 3 (S3) = PP – (High – Low)
  • Resistance 1 (R1) = PP + 0.382 * (High – Low)
  • Resistance 2 (R2) = PP + 0.618 * (High – Low)
  • Resistance 3 (R3) = PP + (High – Low)

Usage: Fibonacci Pivot Points appeal to traders who incorporate Fibonacci retracement levels into their analysis. They can help identify potential reversal points in the market.

Camarilla Pivot Points

Camarilla Pivot Points - Overview
Camarilla Pivot Points – Overview

Formula: Camarilla Pivot Points emphasize intraday trading levels, with tighter ranges.

  • Resistance 1 (R1) = Close + (High – Low) * 1.1/12
  • Resistance 2 (R2) = Close + (High – Low) * 1.1/6
  • Resistance 3 (R3) = Close + (High – Low) * 1.1/4
  • Resistance 4 (R4) = Close + (High – Low) * 1.1/2
  • Support 1 (S1) = Close – (High – Low) * 1.1/12
  • Support 2 (S2) = Close – (High – Low) * 1.1/6
  • Support 3 (S3) = Close – (High – Low) * 1.1/4
  • Support 4 (S4) = Close – (High – Low) * 1.1/2

Usage: Camarilla Pivot Points are popular among day traders, as they provide multiple support and resistance levels that are relatively close to the market price.

Woodie’s Pivot Points

Woodie's Pivot Points - Overview
Woodie’s Pivot Points – Overview

Formula: Woodie’s Pivot Points consider the previous day’s open price in addition to the high, low, and close.

  • Pivot Point (PP) = (High + Low + (2 * Close)) / 4
  • Support 1 (S1) = (2 * PP) – High
  • Support 2 (S2) = PP – (High – Low)
  • Resistance 1 (R1) = (2 * PP) – Low
  • Resistance 2 (R2) = PP + (High – Low)

Usage: Woodie’s Pivot Points give extra weight to the previous day’s closing price, which some traders believe provides more accurate support and resistance levels.

Final Thoughts

In conclusion, the world of financial markets relies heavily on Pivot Points as a pivotal aspect of technical analysis. The diverse array of Pivot Point types, including the Classic, Fibonacci, Camarilla, and Woodie’s, tries to serve as a testament to the adaptability of these tools to different trading styles and preferences. The selection of a specific Pivot Point type ultimately hinges on a trader’s strategy and individual approach.

These Pivot Points are more than just numbers; they represent potential turning points in the market, helping traders anticipate price movements and make informed trading decisions. While Pivot Points are indeed valuable, they are most effective when used with a comprehensive trading strategy, factoring in technical or fundamental analysis, and market sentiment.

Moreover, it’s important to note that Pivot Points are not static; they should be recalculated at the beginning of each trading session or the chosen time frame. By incorporating Pivot Points into their trading arsenal, traders may try to gain a versatile tool that can enhance their ability to navigate the dynamic and ever-evolving landscape of financial markets.

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