RSI Momentum Strategy

In his renowned book “New Concepts in Technical Trading,” J. Welles Wilder Jr. established the Relative Strength Index (RSI). He employed the RSI as a momentum oscillator to detect price reversals in securities. The momentum strategy essentially bets on the continuation of a current market trend. While RSI can be used to time reversals, reversal techniques do not take advantage of the indicator’s natural capabilities.

What is the RSI Momentum Indicator?

In technical analysis, the relative strength index (RSI) is a momentum indicator. The RSI examines the speed and amplitude of a security’s recent price swings to determine if it is overvalued or undervalued. The RSI may do more than just identify overbought and oversold stocks. It may also reveal securities that are ready for a trend reversal or price correction. The Relative Strength Index (RSI) is a popular momentum indicator that is also one of the simplest to use. On a scale of 1 to 100, it monitors overbought and oversold levels. The most typical RSI setting is 14. This means that it monitors the latest 14 periods, whether they be days or 5-minute bars on a chart.

Setting up the RSI Momentum Indicator
Setting up the RSI Momentum Indicator

RSI Momentum Strategy

The Relative Strength Index (RSI) is a momentum-based indicator that indicates when to purchase and sell. It is an oscillator that moves from 0 to 100 and, like the momentum indicator, is plotted on a separate chart. It, like other range-bound indicators, delivers overbought and oversold signals based on its value. Anything beyond 70 is regarded as overbought, while anything below 30 is seen as oversold. The theory behind this momentum method is that retracements between these price levels will reveal clear patterns. Momentum traders would enter and exit trades during a trend rather than at the top and bottom.

Buy Signal

The following could be your checklist for a buy trade:

  • When the asset being traded is in an uptrend.
  • When the RSI crosses the 30-level upwards.

Once this event occurs:

  • You could open a buy position after the bullish crossover happens and you confirm your entry with bullish candlestick patterns.
  • You could set your stop loss just below the nearest swing low.
  • You could set your take profit at the nearest resistance zone, or you could exit trade when the RSI crosses below the 70-level from the overbought region.
  • For good risk management, I would only consider trades with a risk to reward ratio of at least 1:2.
RSI Momentum Buy Setup
RSI Momentum Buy Setup

Sell Signal

The following could be your checklist for a sell trade:

  • When the asset being traded is in a downtrend.
  • When the RSI crosses the 70-level downwards.

Once this event occurs:

  • You could open a sell position after the bearish crossover happens and you confirm your entry with bearish candlestick patterns.
  • You could set your stop loss just above the nearest swing high.
  • You could set your take profit at the nearest support zone, or you could exit trade when the RSI crosses above the 30-level from the oversold region.
  • For good risk management, I would only consider trades with a risk to reward ratio of at least 1:2.
RSI Momentum Sell Setup
RSI Momentum Sell Setup

RSI Momentum Pros & Cons

Pros

  • The Relative Strength Index Indicator informs the traders when the market is overbought and oversold so that they can manage their trades accordingly.
  • The RSI Indicator may help traders follow trends and signal them when to enter trades after pullbacks.

Cons

  • The Relative Strength Index Indicator may not meet the traders’ expectations in a narrow-ranging market especially on smaller timeframes.
  • The RSI Strategy may require additional knowledge of price action to know when the indicator is signalling a price correction or price reversal.

Conclusion

The relative strength index, as a momentum indicator, compares a security’s strength on days when prices rise to its strength on days when prices fall. Relating the outcome of this comparison to price movement might provide traders with insight into how a security may perform.

It is crucial to remember that just because the RSI displays overbought and oversold indications does not mean the trend will reverse. In some cases, the signal line could remain in overbought territory for an extended length of time. As a result, it is critical to use the RSI in conjunction with other indicators.