Ultimate Oscillator Indicator

Technical analysis is a crucial aspect of modern financial markets. Traders and investors rely on various indicators to gain insights into market trends, identify potential entry and exit points, and make informed decisions. One such indicator that has gained popularity among traders is the Ultimate Oscillator (UO). In this article, we will delve into the Ultimate Oscillator indicator, its calculation, interpretation, and how it can be utilized effectively in trading strategies.

Ultimate Oscillator Indicator
Ultimate Oscillator Indicator

Introduction to the Ultimate Oscillator Indicator

The Ultimate Oscillator is a momentum-based technical indicator that was developed by Larry Williams in 1976. It is designed to analyze price movements over a specific period and helps traders identify potential overbought and oversold conditions in the market. The UO is a combination of three different timeframes, making it unique compared to many other oscillators that focus on a single timeframe.

The three timeframes used in the Ultimate Oscillator calculation are typically 7, 14, and 28 periods. However, these values can be adjusted based on the trader’s preference and the specific asset being analyzed. By considering short-term, intermediate-term, and long-term price action, the Ultimate Oscillator aims to provide a comprehensive view of the market’s momentum.

The Formula for Ultimate Oscillator Calculation

To understand the Ultimate Oscillator’s computation, we need to break down the steps involved in its formula:

Step 1: Raw Money Flow (RMF)

Raw Money Flow is calculated for each period by comparing today’s close with either the previous close (if it is higher) or the previous low (if it is lower).

RMF = Close – Min(Low, Previous Close)

Step 2: Average True Range (ATR)

The Average True Range is an indicator that measures market volatility over a specified period. It is used to normalize the raw money flow.

ATR = Average(True Range) over N periods

Step 3: Buying Pressure (BP) and True Range (TR)

The Buying Pressure is the sum of the RMF values for each of the three timeframes (short, intermediate, and long). The True Range is the sum of the ATR values for each of the three timeframes.

BP = Sum(RMF) for each of the three periods

TR = Sum(ATR) for each of the three periods

Step 4: Ultimate Oscillator Calculation

Finally, the Ultimate Oscillator is calculated using the following formula:

UO = 100 x [(4 * (BP for short-term) / (TR for short-term)) + (2 * (BP for intermediate-term) / (TR for intermediate-term)) + (1 * (BP for long-term) / (TR for long-term))] / (4 + 2 + 1)

The resulting value ranges from 0 to 100, with overbought conditions typically occurring above 70 and oversold conditions below 30. Traders often look for divergence between the UO and price action to identify potential trend reversals or trend continuation signals.

Interpreting the Ultimate Oscillator

Understanding how to interpret the Ultimate Oscillator is crucial for traders looking to integrate it into their strategies effectively. Here are some key points to consider:

Overbought and Oversold Conditions

As mentioned earlier, overbought conditions occur when the Ultimate Oscillator rises above the 70 level, indicating a potential price reversal to the downside. Conversely, oversold conditions are identified when the indicator drops below 30, suggesting a potential price reversal to the upside.

It’s important to note that, like many momentum oscillators, the Ultimate Oscillator can stay in overbought or oversold territories for an extended period during strong trending markets. Therefore, traders should use additional technical or fundamental analysis to confirm potential reversal signals.


Divergence is a powerful concept in technical analysis and can be applied to the Ultimate Oscillator. Bullish divergence occurs when the price makes lower lows, but the Ultimate Oscillator forms higher lows. This indicates a potential reversal to the upside. On the other hand, bearish divergence occurs when the price makes higher highs, but the Ultimate Oscillator forms lower highs, suggesting a potential reversal to the downside.

Traders often use divergence in conjunction with other technical indicators or chart patterns to increase the probability of successful trades.

Trend Confirmation

The Ultimate Oscillator can also be used to confirm existing trends. In an uptrend, the oscillator should stay in the higher range, and in a downtrend, it should mostly remain in the lower range. When the oscillator starts moving in the opposite direction to the trend, it could indicate a weakening trend or a potential trend reversal.

Moving Average Crossovers

Some traders use moving average crossovers with the Ultimate Oscillator to generate trading signals. For instance, when the Ultimate Oscillator crosses above a short-term moving average (e.g., 10-day) and the moving average is above a longer-term moving average (e.g., 50-day), it may be considered a bullish signal. Conversely, a bearish signal is generated when the Ultimate Oscillator crosses below the short-term moving average, which is below the long-term moving average.

Integrating the Ultimate Oscillator into Trading Strategies

Like any technical indicator, the Ultimate Oscillator is not infallible, and traders should be cautious of relying solely on its signals. However, when used in combination with other indicators or chart patterns, it can add significant value to a trading strategy. Here are some common ways traders integrate the UO:

1. Confirming Reversal Points

When looking for potential trend reversal points, traders can use the Ultimate Oscillator in conjunction with other momentum indicators or support and resistance levels. If the UO indicates oversold conditions and other indicators also suggest a bullish reversal, traders may consider entering a long position. Similarly, if the UO indicates overbought conditions and other indicators align with bearish reversal signals, traders may consider short positions.

2. Identifying Divergence Patterns

As mentioned earlier, traders can use divergence between the Ultimate Oscillator and price action to identify potential trend reversal signals. When price and the UO show conflicting signals, it may be a sign of an upcoming trend change. However, traders should always use additional confirmation before making trading decisions based on divergence.

3. Setting Stop Loss and Take Profit Levels

The Ultimate Oscillator can also be useful in setting stop loss and take profit levels. For example, in a long trade, a trader might set a stop loss just below a significant support level and a take profit level just below overbought conditions on the UO. This approach allows the trader to limit potential losses and lock in profits if the price reaches extreme overbought levels.

4. Combining with Other Oscillators

Some traders prefer using the Ultimate Oscillator alongside other oscillators, such as the Relative Strength Index (RSI) or the Moving Average Convergence Divergence (MACD). By combining multiple indicators, traders can receive more comprehensive signals and potentially increase the accuracy of their analysis.


The Ultimate Oscillator is a versatile and powerful technical indicator that can offer valuable insights into market momentum and potential trend reversals. Traders should always remember that no single indicator can guarantee profitable trades, and it’s essential to use the UO in conjunction with other tools and techniques of technical analysis.

As with any trading strategy, risk management is critical. Traders should carefully assess their risk tolerance and always use appropriate position sizing, stop loss orders, and take profit levels. By applying the Ultimate Oscillator in a disciplined and well-thought-out manner, traders can potentially enhance their trading performance and navigate the financial markets with greater confidence.

Free Forex Robot